"‘Tortured phrases’ give away fabricated research papers"

Simultaneously disturbing and hilarious examples of automated synonyms to get around plagiarism detection:

Further investigation revealed that these strange terms — which they dub “tortured phrases” — are probably the result of automated translation or software that attempts to disguise plagiarism. And they seem to be rife in computer-science papers.

Some examples:

Scientific term Tortured phrase
Big data Colossal information
Artificial intelligence Counterfeit consciousness
Deep neural network Profound neural organization

I wonder what it is for “machine learning”? Contraption knowing? Gearbox culture?

Moral of the story: don’t fake your papers.


Jim Bagrow
Jim Bagrow
Associate Professor of Mathematics & Statistics

My research interests include complex networks, computational social science, and data science.